The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a trade agreement between the United States and qualifying sub-Saharan African countries that was signed into law in 2000. The goal of the agreement is to promote economic development and strengthen trade relations between the US and Africa by providing duty-free access to certain goods and services.

There are currently 39 countries that are eligible for the AGOA trade agreement. These countries include Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic of), Cote d`Ivoire, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia.

The AGOA trade agreement provides duty-free access to over 6,000 products, including textiles, footwear, and agricultural products. The agreement also includes provisions for technical assistance and capacity building to help African countries meet the necessary standards for exporting to the US.

One of the key benefits of the AGOA trade agreement is increased trade between the US and Africa. Since the implementation of the agreement, trade between the US and AGOA countries has increased significantly. In 2019, the US imported over $10 billion in goods from AGOA-eligible countries, and exports from the US to these countries totaled over $3 billion.

The AGOA trade agreement has also had a positive impact on job creation and economic growth in African countries. By providing duty-free access to certain products, the agreement has encouraged investment in African industries and created opportunities for African entrepreneurs.

In addition to the economic benefits, the AGOA trade agreement has also had a positive impact on governance and human rights in African countries. To be eligible for the agreement, countries must meet certain criteria related to democratic governance, rule of law, and human rights.

Overall, the AGOA trade agreement has been a successful partnership between the US and African countries, promoting economic development and strengthening trade relations. As the agreement continues, it has the potential to further promote sustainable economic growth and prosperity in African countries.